Japanese 105mm field artillery.

Japan has begun disposal of chemical weapons left behind in China at the end of World War II.

According to its responsibilities under the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), Japan must dispose of chemical weapons unearthed in China. Out of 48,000 chemical weapons unearthed since 2000, 37,000 found in around Nanking will be disposed of by the mobile facility. The facility is equipped with a detonation chamber where the weapons will be exploded and rendered harmless.

It is unknown how many chemical weapons remain in China, but in Harba Peak, Jilin Province, an area in which many chemical weapons are said to have been left, it is estimated there are still 300,000-400,000 that remain buried. (Link)

The weapons in Jilin Province could be excused away as being ultimately reserved for use against the Russians, but Nanking is sort of smack-dab in the middle of China.

The Imperial Japanese Army stockpiled and used a variety of chemical weapons in China, including mustard gas, phosgene, chlorine, and others.

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A contributor and editor at the blog War Is Boring, Kyle Mizokami started Japan Security Watch in 2010 to further understand Japan's defenses and security policy.
Kyle Mizokami has 530 post(s) on Japan Security Watch